The coup d'etat, which in September 1973 dismantled the film production infrastructure in Chile, suspended only ...展开momentarily the activity of filmmakers who since 1956 had worked towards the construction of a national cinema. Filmmakers, technicians, actors and critics left the country, among thousands of Chilean refugees. Projects which had been started during the three year period of the Popular Unity government had to be finished in exile.
Films like Miguel Littin's LA TIERRA PROMETIDA (The Promised Land, 1972-1974) and Patricio Guzmán's LA BATALLA DE CHILE (The Battle of Chile, 1972-1979) confirmed that Chilean filmmakers were committed to continuing their work as militants and artists. These two films, among many others, played an important role in the solidarity campaign that mobilized groups and individuals throughout the world.
Since 1974, 155 films have been produced by Chilean filmmakers living in 16 different countries. The quantity and quality of some of these films made in exile since 1974 have prompted me to undertake a long term research project to study the peculiarities and characteristics of this unique phenomenon in the history of Latin American cinema. The diversity and energy of some films, shown mainly in festivals, retrospectives and special programs, raise interesting questions related to nationally oriented cultural production outside of its natural borders.